IP-Attorneys   Our Attorneys at law   Trademark Application Form   Contact us   Imprint   Privacy Policy   IP-Links

Attorneys at law

Patent Services · Patent law · Patent application · Utility model law · Licence law · German Patent Act · E-mail enquiry · Patent Search ·

ip lawyer patent law patents lawyer trademark representative in germany and europe ohim file application patent-filer pct-filer file patents  file patent protect inventions apply for a patent in germany file patent application before epo european patent office munich attorney patent lawyer certified intellectual property specialist

file patent application draft patent application german patent lawyer attorney at law hannover patent agent patent office agency national phase german germany german patent office represent foreigner before the german patent office an the epo european patent office an the wipo

certified intellectual property specialist in germany and throughout europe epo european patent application pct filer pct patent application file a patent application in germany and europe patent  costs attorneys fees full service patent law firm  patent prosecution patent litigation german court file patent violation suit attorney german germany

draft patent documents patent claim attorney at law ip utility model file austrian patent austria patent lawyer attorney patent license agreement check patent status search patent patents patent law state of the art research researcher free

... IP-Attorneys ... IP Law ... Know-how

Law Specialists
Patent Attorneys

Georgstr. 48 · 30159 Hannover
Germany · info@patent-filer.com

Fon +49/511/357356.0
Fax +49/511/357356.29


IP Law 
Patent law 
Utility model law 
Patent application 
Official Fees 


Attorneys at law Hannover
Patent AttorneYs

Georgstr. 48
30159 Hannover (Main Office)

Tel +49.511/357356-0
Fax +49.511/357356-29


Attorneys at law Munich
Patent AttorneYs

Landshuter Allee 8-10
80637 Munich

Tel.: +49.89.2500790-50
Fax: +49.89.2500790-59


Attorneys at law Vienna
Patent AttorneYs

Trauttmansdorffgasse 8
1130 Vienna

Tel.: +43.1.8761517
Fax: +49.511.357356-29



What is know-how?

Secret business and technical facts can be generally described as know-how. Know-how exists as long as the fact in question remains secret. The advantages of know-how include the following: no direct costs are connected with know-how, its “duration of protection” is unlimited and the content of know-how can be a competition advantage. As an important disadvantage, know-how does not grant any monopoly rights, and therefore serious legal difficulties might occur in case of a conflict, which would not occur in the case of registered protective rights.

How can know-how be protected?

Technical know-how can in principle be protected by means of a patent, which – in some countries, for instance the USA – would also be possible in the case of  business know-how. Since patents or similar protective rights are published and therefore made known to the general public, and since their period of validity is limited, there has always been a need to keep secret certain technical or economic facts, i.e. know-how.

At the same time, however, know-how needs to be transferred, which requires a comprehensive non-disclosure contract with a recipient of know-how, since popular know-how can be used by third parties without any subsequent constraints. When know-how is to be exploited commercially, the non-disclosure contract is of central legal importance. Therefore, contractual penalties are usually high enough to deter from disclosure.

Can know-how be protected after the protective right has expired?

Since protective rights are published, they cannot be protected by means of know-how. A protective right does not typically comprise all know-how relating to one matter. Therefore, after the protective right has expired, know-how contracts play an especially important role in maintaining a position on the market.

What do we need to protect your know-how?

The central aspect of know-how protection concerns the non-disclosure contracts with all persons to whom know-how is to be disclosed to. Therefore, we need a rough description of the know-how and of the limitations concerning its disclosure.

If already existing know-how is to be transferred to third parties, the aim of the transfer, licensing fees, etc. are required in addition to the above-listed information. The details have to be agreed upon individually for each case.


© Certified IP Specialist Attorney at law Michael Horak | Dipl.-Ing, LL.M. 2002-2018

 file patent application patent prosecution in germany german patent european patent no attorney lawyer patent dpma german patent office epo european patent office apply for a patent  attorney-at-law patent agent patent agency in germany epo attorney european patent office attorney lawyer print epo european patent office lawyer european patents europen trademarks representative apply for a pct patent patent filing utility model file register a patent save tm lawyer patent lawyer europe germany munich patent law trademark law utility model law licence law lawyer attorney at law for patent law patent prosecution patent litigation in Germany german patent lawyer attorney at law european trademark attorney european design attorneyback ip law patent act employees inventions ip law patent litigation patent court litigation in germany patent attorney european classical and modern physics solid state physics mechanics Laser Physics Electrical electronic radiofrequency technologies Telecommunications telematics Mechatronics Information Technology Data Processing Technology image processing technology semiconductor technology consumer electronics computer hardware IT technology software telecommunications automation optics Atomic Physics Molecular Physics Engineering Construction Automotion shipbuilding aircraft Drive Technology Control Technology Process Engineering Production Engineering Production Technology Packaging Paper Technique Product Development Measurement Control Engineering Process Technology Appliances Small Appliances Food Technology Aerospace safety technology power plant technology material technology steelmaking alloys nanotechnology plastics energy technology renewable energy Life Sciences Medical Biology Biophysics biotechnology Microbiology Cell Biology Neurobiology Molecular Biology gene therapy bioinformatics Pharmacy Pharmacology agents Biochemistry Chemistry Physical Chemistry Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Pharma antibody technology biosimilar generic diagnostic plant biotechnology diagnostic technology implants Immunology enzyme replacement therapy proteins muteins enzymes Transgenic cytokines, ribozymes, antisense RNA, RNAi Virology GM microorganisms plants animals human medicine food polymers catalysts lithography Photography Order